MaizeGDB
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MaizeGDB Gene Symbols

The following is a list of 814 gene symbols used throughout this database. Use this list to aid in the naming of new genes that you discover.

 

Gene SymbolMeaning
aanthocyaninless
aaaadenosylmethionine aminotransferase
aapacylaminoacyl-peptidase
abaabscisic stress protein
abbtaberrant seedling
abcABC (yeast)
abpauxin binding protein
abphaberrant phyllotaxy
absabnormal stomates
accacetyl-coenzyme A carboxylase
acoaconitase
acpacid phosphatase
acptacyl carrier protein
adadherent
adaadherent anthers
adfactin depolymerizing factor
adhalcohol dehydrogenase
adkadenylate kinase
adralcohol dehydrogenase regulator
aeamylose extender
aecaminoethyl-L-cysteine resistant
afdabsence of first division
agpADP glucose pyrophosphorylase
agtagravitropic
ahhadenosyl homocysteine hydrolase
aicauxin import carrier
aipauxin induced protein
akhaspartate kinase-homoserine dehydrogenase
alalbescent plant
aldaldolase
alh1aldolase histone
almaluminum tolerance
alpaluminum-induced protein
alsacetolactate synthase
altL-alanine:2-oxoglutarate aminotransferase
amameiotic
amoamine oxidase
ampaminopeptidase
amyamylase
ananther ear
anlanthocyaninless lethal
anranthocyanin regulator
ansanthranilate synthase homolog
antadenine nucleotide translocator
aphaphid resistance
appabnormal phragmoplast formation
apxascorbate peroxidase
arargentia
arfADP-ribosylation factor
asasynaptic
askaspartate kinase
asnZea asparagine synthetase
aspabsence of meiotic spindle
asrabsence of seminal roots
atcanthocyanin
atnanaerobic tolerant null
atpATPase
atsatrazine susceptible
bcolored plant
babarren stalk
bafbarren stalk fastigate
bapbasal layer antifungal protein
basbeta alanine synthase
bdbranched silkless
benbentazon resistance
betglycinebetaine
betlbasal endosperm transfer layer
bfblue flourescent
bgafbeta glucosidase aggregating factor
bifbarren influorescence
bipBiP
bkbrittle stalk
blblotched
blcbilateral coleoptile
blhbleached
blkbladekiller
blmbbleached midrib
bmbrown midrib
bnbrown aleurone
bnkbrown kernel
brbrachytic
brnbrown kernel
brtbrown roots
bsbarren sterile
bsdbundle sheath defective
bssbundle sheath strands specific
btbrittle endosperm
btnbrittle node
buleaf burn
bvbrevis plant
bxbenzoaxin
bzbronze
ccolored aleurone
caatCAAT box binding protein
cahcarbonic anhydrase
calcalmodulin
capcalcium pump
carcold acclimation response
cascycloartenol synthase
catcatalase
caxcalcium exchanger
cbcrossbanded
cbpcalmodulin binding protein
ccrcytochrome c reductase
cdccell division control
cdhcinnamyl alcohol dehydrogenase
cdjchaperone DNA J
cdpkcalcium-dependent protein kinase
cencentromere
cesacellulose synthase
cflcomplementary to fl
cfrcoupling factor
cgcorngrass
cglColletotrichum graminicola resistance
cgscystathionine gamma-synthase
cgxchloroplast gene expression
chchocolate pericarp
chdchromatin remodeling complex subunit D
chichalcone flavanone isomerase
chnchitinase
chschitin synthase
cifcross-incompatibility (female)
cimcross-incompatibility (male)
ckcasein kinase
ckocytokinin oxidase
cksCMP-KDO synthetase
clchlorophyll
clacolorless aleurone
clbclub tassel
cldcold regulated protein homolog
clfcolorless floury
clhhistone lc
clmcl modifier
clpCLP protease
cltclumped tassel
clxcalnexin
cmchloroplast modifier
cmptcompressed top
cmscytoplasmic male sterility
cmtcyanidin MRP transporter
cncrcinnamoyl CoA reductase
copcoatomer protein
coxcytochrome c oxidase
cpcollapsed kernel
cpcclear patches
cpnchaperonin
cpschloroplast protein synthesis
cpxcoproporphyrinogen III oxidase
crcrinkly leaves
crpchloroplast RNA processing
crrcytokinin response regulator
crschloroplast RNA splicing
crtcalreticulin
cspwhite spot
csrchloroplast srp receptor
ctcompact plant
ctachitinase A
ctbchitinase B
ctncaltractin
ctocob turned out
ctscitrate synthase
cxcatechol oxidase
cyccyclin
cypcytochrome P450
cyscysteine synthase
czogcis-zeatin O-glucosyltransferase
ddwarf
dadilute aleurone
dapdappled aleurone
darmonodehydroascorbate reductase
dbaDNA binding activity
dcddiscordia
dcrdefective crown
dedefective endosperm
dekdefective kernel
depdefective pistils
desdefective seedling
dgedark green erect
dgrdistorted growth
dhndehydrin
diadiaphorase
dibdichotomously branched
dildilute aleurone
disdistichous tassel
dladihydrolipoamide S-acetyltransferase
dlfdelayed flowering
dmtDNA methyl transferase
dnjdefective navajo
dnpdiphosphonucleotide phosphatase
dntdent
dofDNA binding with one finger
dpdistal pale
dpsdihydrodipicolinate synthase
dscdiscolored kernel
dstdistorted
dsydesynaptic
dtsaspartyl-tRNA synthetase
dudull endosperm
dvdivergent spindle
dydesynaptic
dzrdelta zein regulator
dzsdelta zein structure
eesterase
echenoyl-CoA hydratase
egexpanded glumes
eifelongation initiation factor
eksent-kaurene synthase
elelongate
elfelongation factor
embembryo specific
embpEM binding protein
empempty pericarp
endearly nodulin
enoenolase
enpendopeptidase
eohE. coli orgin of replication
epcearly phase change
epsenolpyruvylshikimate phosphate synthase
erlearly
ersenhancer of rough sheath
espembryo specific protein
esrembryo surrounding region
etetched
exgexoglucanase
expaalpha expansin
expbbeta expansin
ffine stripe
fabfatty acid biosynthesis
fadfatty acid desaturase
faefasciated ear
fasfascicled ear
fatfatty acyl thioesterase
fbnfibrillin
fbrfew-branched
fcrferric-chelate reductase (NADH)
fdfaded
fdhformaldehyde dehydrogenase
fdlfused leaves
fdxferredoxin
ferferritin
ffafree fatty acid
fgpfolylpolyglutamate synthetase
fgsferredoxin-dependent glutamate synthase
fhtflavanone 3-hydroxylase
flfloury endosperm
flkflecked
fnrferredoxin NADP reductase
fopfrequency of paramutation
fpsfarnesyl pyrophosphate synthase
frzfrazzled
ftrferredoxin-thioredoxin
fusfusca
fzfrizzled
ggolden plant
gagametophyte factor
gamsgametophytic male sterile
gapGolgi associated protein
gargibberellin responsive
gbfG-box binding factor
gbpGTP binding protein
gcbGC binding protein
gcshglycine cleavage system protein H
gdcpglycine decarboxylase
gdhglutamic dehydrogenase
gebglucan endo-1,3-beta-glucosidase
geogeotropism
gfaglucosamine fructose-6-phosphate aminotransferase
glglossy
glbglobulin
gldgnarled
glnglutamine synthetase
glnecglossy necrotic
glubeta-glucosidase
glyglycine
gmgermless
gngnarly
golgoliath
gosGOS2
gotglutamate-oxaloacetate transaminase
gpaglyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase
gpbglyceraldehyde phosphate dehydrogenase B
gpcglyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehydrogenase C
gpdhglucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase
gpnglyceraldehyde-3-phosphate dehygrogenase N
gptglucose 6-phosphate/phosphate translocator
grfgeneral regulatory factor
grpglycine-rich protein
grtgreen tip
grxglutaredoxin
gsgreen stripe
gsfgynomonoecious
gsrglutathione reductase
gssstarch synthase
gstglutathione S-transferase
gtgrassy tillers
gtlgritty leaf
gtrglutamyl-tRNA reductase
gzrgamma zein modifier
gzsGibberella zea silk mediated resistance
hsoft starch
hathistone acetyltransferase
hbhemoglobin
hcfhigh chlorophyll fluorescence
hadhistone deacetylase
hexhexokinase
hficorn-activated Hageman factor inhibitor
hiehigh ear
hirhypersenstive induced response
his1ahistone 1a
his2ahistone 2a
his2bhistone 2b
hmHelminthosporium carbonum susceptibility
hmghigh mobility group protein
hmphumpback
hoxhomeobox
hphistidine-containing phosphotransfer protein
hrghydroxyproline rich glycoprotein
hshairy sheath
hsbpherbicide safener binding protein
hscfheat shock complementing factor
hsfhairy sheath frayed
hskhigh-sulfur keratin
hspheat shock protein
hstfheat shock transcription factor
htHelminthosporium turcicum resistance
htmExserohilum turcicum Mayorbela resistance
htnHelminthosporium turcicum resistance
htzhigh tryptophan zein
hvphuman viral protein
hyphybrid proline-rich protein
iagluindol-3-ylacetyl glucosyl transferase
ibpinitiator binding protein
idindeterminate growth
idciron deficiency candidate
idhisocitrate dehydrogenase
idsindeterminate spikelet
ifaindeterminate floral apex
igindeterminate gametophyte
ijiojap striping
ijmosiojap mosaic
imdisopropylmalate dehydrogenase
impimportin
inintensifier
incinclination
incwcell wall invertase
inrinhibitor of R
irlisoflavone reductase-like
iscupulate interspace
ispiron-sulfur protein
isrinhibitor of striate
ivrinvertase
jjaponica striping
kcbpkinesin-like calmodulin binding protein
kikkinase interacting kinase
kinknotted1 induced
knknotted
knoxknotted related homeobox
kppkinase associated protein phosphatase
kriketol-acid reductoisomerase
lluteus
lalazy plant
laclachrima
lblleaf bladeless
lcred leaf color
lcmsimilarity to lc at marbled
lcsthylakoid membrane polypeptide
ldpluminidependens protein
lepleopard spotting
leslesion
lfyleafy
lgliguleless
lhclight harvesting complex
lilineate leaves
lillilliputian
lkrsdhlysine-ketoglutarate reductase/saccharopine dehydrogenase
lllethal
lldlethal dwarf
llslethal leaf spot
lmlemon aleurone
lnlinoleic acid
lnecluteus necrotic
lolethal ovule
loclow oil content in kernel
lonLON peptidase
loplo1 p1 allergen
loxlipoxygenase
lplethal pollen
lpalow phytic acid
lpeleaf permease
lprlarge primary root
lrtlateral rootless
lsploose pericarp
ltkleucine-rich transmembrane protein kinase
ltylight yellow endosperm
lulutescent
lwlemon white
lxmlax midrib
macmultiple archesporial cells
madsMADS
mafMPF1 attachment factor
masmalate synthase
matmaturase
mbfmulti-protein bridging factor
mcmucronate
mchmaize CRY1 homolog
mctmodifier of cox2 transcripts
mdemouse DNA EBV homolog
mdhmalate dehydrogenase
mdmmaize dwarf mosaic virus resistance
mdrmaternal derepression of R
meNADP malic enzyme
meimeiosis
mekMEK
melmaternal effect lethal
mepmodifier of embryo protein
mfsmale flower specific
mgminiature germ
mgsmale gametophyte specific
mhamembrane H(+)-ATPase
mhlmacrohairless
mipmajor intrinsic membrane protein
mirmaize insect resistance
mlglea protein group
mlipmaize low temperature-induced protein
mmmmodifier of mitochondrial malate dehydrogenases
mnminiature seed
mopmodifier of paramutation
mpkMAP kinase
mplminiplant
mptmitochondrial phosphate transporter
mrlmidribless
mrpMyb related protein
msmale sterile
mscmosaic
msfmRNA splicing factor
mshmale sterile homolog
mssMSS1 homolog
mssimale sterile silky
mstmodifier of R1-st1
msvmaize streak virus tolerance
mtmottled plant
mtaribosomal protein
mthrmethionine synthase
mtlmetallothionein
mtrmethyltryptophan resistant
mvresistance to maize mosaic virus
mygmaternal yellow-green
nanana plant
nacNaCl stress protein
nadNADH ubiquinone oxidoreductase
natN-acetyl transferase
nbpnucleic acid binding protein
ncnear colorless
ncsrnecrotic streaks
ndhnon-dehiscent
ndknucleotide diphosphate kinase
ndtneedletip
necnecrotic
niinitrite reductase
nipNOD26-like membrane intrinsic protein
njnavajo
nlnarrow leaf
nldnarrow leaf dwarf
nnrnitrate reductase (NADH)
nrtnitrate transport
nrxnucleoredoxin
nsnarrow sheath
nsfnicosulfuron susceptible
ntfnuclear transport factor
oopaque endosperm
obfoctopine synthase binding factor
oclouter cell layer
oecoxygen evolving complex
ogold gold stripe
ohpopaque2 hterodimerizing protein
olcoleic acid content
oleoleosin
oraorange endosperm
oroorobanche
orporange pericarp
osopaque-endosperm, small germ
ostoligosaccharide transferase
oyoil yellow
ppericarp color
papale aleurone
palphenylalanine ammonia lyase
pamplural abnormalities of meiosis
parppoly(ADP-ribose) polymerase
pbpiebald leaves
pbfprolamin-box binding factor
pbppromoter binding protein
pckphosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase
pcnaproliferating cell nuclear antigen
pcrprotochlorophyllide reductase
pdpaired rows
pdcpyruvate decarboxylase
pdfthylakoid membrane polypeptide
pdhpyruvate dehydrogenase
pdiprotein disulfide isomerase
pdkpyruvate, orthophosphate dikinase
pdlkpyruvate dehydrogenase (lipoamide) kinase
pdsphytoene desaturase
peperennialism
pepphosphoenolpyruvate carboxylase
petphotosynthetic electron transport
pexpollen extensin-like
pfkphosphofructose kinase
pgpale green
pgd6-phosphogluconate dehydrogenase
pglpolygalacturonase
pglfpale green leaf edge
pgmphosphoglucomutase
pgncpale green necrotic
pgsmpale green small
pgtypale green tiny
pgvpale green virescent
phpith abscission
phbprohibitin
phiphosphohexose isomerase
phophosphate regulatory homolog
phpchloroplast phosphoprotein
phyphytochrome
physphytase
pipistillate florets
piipphysical impedance induced protein
pipplasma membrane intrinsic protein
pkprotein kinase
pkiprotein kinase inhibitor
pkspolyketide synthesis
plpurple plant
pldphospholipase D
plocplastocyanin homolog
plsphospholipid synthesis
pltphospholipid transfer protein
pmpale midrib
pmepectin methylesterase
pmgphosphoglycerate mutase
pnpapyrescent glumes
popolymitotic
poporganelle permease
porporin
poxfowlpox viral protein
ppgpale palegreen
ppipeptidyl-prolyl isomerase
ppopolyphenol oxidase
ppppyrophosphate-energized proton pump
prred aleurone
prcproteasome component
prepremature senescence
prfprolifin
prgpitted rough germless
prhprotein phosphatase
proproline responding
prppathogenesis-related protein1
prpoprotoporphyrinogen IX oxidase
prrputidaredoxin reductase
pspink scutellum
psaphotosystem I
psbphotosystem II
pseicystatin
pslposition shift locus
psyphytoene synthase
ptpolytypic ear
ptcpatches
ptdpitted endosperm
ptkprotein kinase
purpollen ubiquitin regulator
pxperoxidase
pypygmy plant
pygpale yellow green
rcolored
raramosa
rabresponsive to abscisic acid
racRAC GTPase
radRAD DNA repair protein
rasras related protein
rbapWD-repeat protein
rcaRUBISCO activase
rcmrectifier
rcproot cap protein
rcureceptor of Fcu
rdreduced plant
rDtreceptor of dotted
reared embryonic axis
refreduced floury endosperm
remrecessive enhancer of maysin
renreduced endosperm
rfrestorer of fertility
rfareplication factor A
rfzrat frizzled
rgragged leaves
rgdragged seedling
rghrough kernel
rgoreversed germ orientation
rhmresistance to Helminthosporium maydis
rirind abscission
ripribosome-inactivating protein
risiron-sulfur protein
rlcrindless culm
rldrolled leaf
rlirough lineate
rmrrequired to maintain repression
rnpRNA binding protein
roareplication origin activator
rpresistance to Puccinia sorghi
rpdRPD3 histone deacetylase
rphRNase PH
rplribosomal protein L
rpoRNA polymerase II
rppacidic ribosomal protein
rpsribosomal protein S
rrbrelated to retinoblastoma
rsrough sheath
rtrootless
rtcsroot deficient
rthroothair defective
ruqreceptor of Uq
rxoreaction to X. oryzae
sadshikimate dehydrogenase
safsafener induced
samS-adenosylmethionine decarboxylase
saursmall auxin up RNA
sbdsunburned
sbestarch branching enzyme
sbipsmall basic membrane intrinsic protein
sbpSBP-domain protein
scself-color
scashort chain alcohol dehydrogenase
sclscarecrow-like
scmself-colored marbled
scmvresistance to sugarcane mosaic virus
scrscarred
sdhsorbitol dehydrogenase
sdwsemi dwarf plant
sesugary-enhancer
sedsenescence-diminished
seesenescence-enhanced
semsemaphore
sensoft endosperm
serseryl-tRNA synthetase
serksomatic embryogenesis receptor-like kinase
sfbSF1 binding protein
sftsmall flint type
sgstring cob
sgspsingle spike
shshrunken
shbpsedoheptulose bisphosphatase
shlrshort lateral roots
shpshort plant
shrshredded leaf
shtsusceptible to H. turcicum
shvshriveled
sisilky
sipstress-induced protein
sksilkless ears
skbsuppressor of kernel blotching
skssuppressor of KYS sterility
slslashed leaves
smsalmon silk
smdsuppressor of meotic drive
smksmall kernel
smlshoot meristemless
smpsmall plant
smssmall seedling
smtsterol methyltransferase
snscutellar node color
sodsuperoxide dismutase
spcspeckled
spemsporophytic enhancer of mel
spkspeckled kernel
sppsucrose-phosphatase
sprsignal recognition particle receptor
spssucrose phosphate synthase
sptspotted
sqssqualene synthase
srstriate leaves
srkS-receptor kinase
sslslow second leaf
ssuRUBISCO small subunit
ststicky chromosome
stacstabilized activator
stbstubby
stfstiff
stgstay green
stkstreaked
stmstomatin
stpsugar transport
susugary
sumsiroheme uroporphyrinogen methyltransferase
supsuppressor
sursulfonylurea herbicide response
sussucrose synthase
sutsucrose transporter
swStewart's wilt resistance
sxdsucrose export defective
syyellow scutellum
tatransaminase
taftranscription associated factor
tantangled
taptranslocon-associated protein
tbteosinte branched
tbpTATA-binding protein
tcbteosinte crossing barrier
tcttranslationally controlled tumor
tdthick tassel dwarf
teterminal ear
tgateosinte glume architecture
tgddTDP-glucose dehydratase
thathylakoid assembly
thcthiocarbamate sensitive
thithiamine biosynthesis
thlthiolase
thpthiol protease
thrthreonine synthase
tiftranslation initiation factor
tiptonoplast intrinsic protein
tltasselless
tlktousled protein kinase
tlrtillered
tmtransmembrane protein
tnptransposase
toctranslocon at outer membrane of chloroplast
tolatola protein
tpteopod
tpasetransposase of Ac
tpitriose phosphatase isomerase
tpmthylakoid peptide modifier
tpttriose phosphate translocator
trtwo-ranked ear
traptransposon associated protein
trgtrigonelline
trhthioredoxin h
trmthioredoxin M
trntorn
trnlmitochondrial tRNA
trptryptophan synthase
trutassels replace upper ears
tstassel seed
tsctar spot complex
tshtassel sheath
tutunicate
tuaalpha tubulin
tubbeta tubulin
tubggamma tubulin
tustufted silky
tytiny plant
ubunbranched
ubiubiquitin
uceubiquitin conjugating enzyme
uckUMP/CMP kinase
ufounstable factor for orange
ugpUDP-glucose pyrophosphorylase
uguUTP-glucose-P-uridyltransferase
urourmodulin
vvirescent
vavariable sterile
vgvestigal glume
vmsvirescent mosaic
vpviviparous
vppvacuolar proton pump
vsrvirescent striped
wwhite seedling
wabwaxy auricles in blades
wcwhite cap
wgswhite green sectors
whmwhite margin
whpwhite pollen
wiwilted
wipwound inducible protein
wlwhite luteus
wlvwhite leaf-virescent
wrwrinkled kernel
wrpwrinkled plant
wrtwrinkled top
wswhite sheath
wsmwheat streak mosaic virus resistance
wspweak streaked plant
wstwhite stripe
wtwhite tip
wxwaxy
wygwhite yellow green seedling
xputative transcription factor
xclextra cell layers
xetxyloglucan endotransglycosylase
xylxylanase
yyellow endosperm
ydyellow dwarf
yelyellow seedling
ygyellow green
ygzbyellow green zebra
ysyellow stripe
yskyellow streak
zagZea agamous homolog
zapZea apetaia homolog
zbzebra crossbands
zcefZea CEFD
zdszeta carotene desaturase
zemZea endosperm MADS box
zflZea floricula leafy
zgzig-zag
zimZea IM30 protein homolog
zlpzeamatin-like protein
zmhZea mouse H58 homolog
zmmZea mays MADS
zmsZea male sterile protein
znzebra necrotic
znodZea nodulation homolog
zpzein alpha protein
zpgzebra-stripe pale green
zplzein protein
zpupullulanase-type starch debranching enzyme
zqmZea QM1 homolog
zrpZea root protein
ztaZea TAT binding protein

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Last updated 1:41 pm, Dec 03, 2014.

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